By W. Seth Carus, Center for Counterproliferation Research, National Defense University
The operating paper is split into major elements. the 1st half is a descriptive research of the illicit use of organic brokers by way of criminals and terrorists. It attracts on a sequence of case stories documented within the moment half. The case reports describe each example identifiable in open resource fabrics during which a wrongdoer used, got, or threatened to take advantage of a organic agent. whereas the stock of circumstances is obviously incomplete, it presents an empirical foundation for addressing a few vital questions with regards to either biocrimes and bioterrorism. This fabric should still allow policymakers interested by bioterrorism to make extra proficient judgements. during this undertaking, the writer has researched over 270 alleged situations concerning organic brokers. This comprises all incidents present in open assets that allegedly happened in the course of the twentieth Century. whereas the checklist is unquestionably now not entire, it offers the main entire current unclassified insurance of circumstances of illicit use of organic brokers.
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Additional info for Bioterrorism and Biocrimes - The illicit use of biological agents since 1900
30 argument, as articulated by terrorism expert Bryan Jenkins, that terrorists are usually not interested in mass murder. Simply killing a lot of people has seldom been a terrorist objective. Terrorists want a lot of people watching, not a lot of people dead. Most terrorists operate on the principle of minimum force necessary. 75 Thus, Jenkins appears to argue that combinations of political and moral considerations have affected the willingness of terrorists to employ weapons that could cause massive harm.
It also excludes cases where the perpetrators deliberately introduce infected individuals into the target population. There are a surprising number of instances in which HIV-infected people have tried to deliberately infect others. According to one account, by 1991 there had been more than 200 prosecutions of AIDS-related criminal cases, mostly for attempted murder. See Jennifer Grishkin, "Knowingly Exposing Another to HIV,” Yale Law Review, 106(March 1997), p. 1617, citing sources dated to 1990 and 1991.
For this reason, it was necessary to rely on regional newspapers, such as the Chicago Tribune, the Columbus Dispatch (Ohio), the Dallas Morning News, the Las Vegas Sun and the Las Vegas Review-Journal, the Portland Oregonian, and the Seattle Times. Second, some of the accounts rely on descriptions that came from the bioterrorism literature. In a few cases, it appears that these sources had access to intelligence or law enforcement information not available elsewhere. Third, a few of the cases have been described in detail in the medical literature, including specialized forensic medicine publications.