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By David R. Diaz

This, the 1st booklet on Latinos in the United States from an city planning/policy viewpoint, covers the final century, and contains a tremendous old review the topic. The authors hint the move of Latinos (primarily Chicanos) into American towns from Mexico after which describe the issues dealing with them in these towns. They then express how the making plans career and builders always didn't meet their wishes as a result of either poverty and racism. consciousness can be paid to the main urgent issues in Latino barrios in the course of fresh occasions, together with environmental degradation and justice, land use coverage, and others. The booklet closes with a attention of the problems that might face Latinos as they turn into the nation's greatest minority within the twenty first century.

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Concurrently, residents were forced into other working-class districts. For example, one of Los Angeles’ earliest urban barrios was centered along Mateo and Seventh Streets, which is currently in the center of the heavy manufacturing zone east of the civic center. This demand for manufacturing space resulted in the eventual relocation of Chicana/o barrios in the Southwest (Sanchez 1993), which created new pressures for housing in other sections of cities. This also led to new conflicts with other distinct Euro-American ethnic groups.

San Pedro Creek was a natural boundary immediately to the west of these plazas and demarcated the barrios. The barrio developed a number of pedestrian-oriented neighborhood plazas. The area also featured a number of commercial uses: meat packing, produce markets, stockyards, and the railroad were all either within or adjacent to the barrio. Most of these plazas and marketplaces were oriented to the barrio economy. This area exhibited the economically most significant level of Chicana/o ownership patterns in the Southwest during the first half of the twentietht century, and La Prensa was the most widely circulated Spanish language newspaper in the Southwest during that period.

The key labor resource was underemployed campesinos from Mexico (Barrera 1979; Acuna 1972; McWilliams 1968). Chicanas/os, a significant percentage of whom were initially small-land owners who could not compete with new company farms or who had lost land ownership, constituted the other source of the labor supply. One of the most significant transfers of economic power came in the form of land, and it was confiscated on a massive scale (Rosenbaum 1981; Acuna 1972) between 1870 and 1895. Thus, as the economy underwent a massive transformation and expansion, minorities were economically disenfranchised and barred from benefiting from increased land values.

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