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By Soheil Muhsin Afnan

This e-book is an try and current to the final reader the lifestyles and works of Avicenna, or Ibn Sina, who's past doubt the main provocative determine within the heritage of idea within the East. it isn't a defence of him and his approach, nor a critique of his philosophy. in the course of his lifetime he was once intentionally scornful of defenders and critics alike; he couldn't imagine best of them now thousand years have passed by. together with his place amply justified, and after that prolonged interval while his identify held on the lips of physicians and philosophers from the borders of China to the cloisters of mediaeval Paris and Oxford, it sort of feels top to allow him converse for himself. it's been emphasised that the issues he used to be faced with resulted from the conflicting disciplines of 2 separate cultures introduced nose to nose. he's accordingly of greater than ancient curiosity. His perspective should be of steering to these within the East who're assembly the problem of Western civilization; and to these within the West who've but to discover a foundation on which to harmonize clinical with non secular values.

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Bailey: Zoroastrian Problems. . 43 its two . . AVICENNA Persian had an extensive literature not only in prose but, as has been lately shown, in poetry also. Arabic, on the other hand, in spite of the extensive, poetry was not have survived from that fact that its valuable pre-Islamic and not all the poems that period are authentic, and although there are hardly any traces of the early prose in whose existence some scholars believe, was the language of the conquerors and eventually became that of the administration throughout the Islamic Empire.

PERSIA IN THE TENTH CENTURY Berum was a man of scholarly spirit and outlook, refusing to accept any belief blindly or on the strength of tradition; always trying to reason, to understand, and above all to criticize. * Using the comparative method so rare in his time, he delights in comparing the different religious beliefs; and he regrets that the conquerors killed off the priests of his own books. Khawarizm and its learned men and burned their rare before modern times to find so fair and unpre- dear *It is judiced a statement of the views of other religions, so earnest an attempt to study them in the best sources, and such care to find a method which and for this branch of study would be both rigorous just/3 intellectual background of Berum, who in the words of an early author, had *no equal except in Avicenna' and of whom some twenty-seven works have survived,4 reflects the state of knowledge and the various intellectual trends towards the end of The the tenth century in Persia and Transoxiana.

Traveller, historiographer, mathepies the matician, astronomer, geographer, and teacher of Greek learning, In the field considered one of the greatest scientists 'of all time/ Born of Persian stock in Khiva, then called Khawarizm, which is the he is Chorasmia of antiquity, he joined the council of state of the local Sultan Mahmud conquered the principality, prince. And when or perhaps even before, he was induced to go to Ghazna, the monarch. Shortly afterwards he left capital of the now powerful for India, just opened to the Muslim world, where he transmitted to Indian scholars Greek thought in its Islamic form.

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