By Thomas Ambrosio
Ambrosio examines 5 concepts that an more and more authoritarian Russia has followed to maintain the Kremlin's political energy: insulate, bolster, subvert, redefine and coordinate. each one process seeks to counter or undermine neighborhood democratic traits either at domestic and during the former Soviet Union. regulations comparable to those are of serious crisis to the starting to be literature on how autocratic regimes have gotten extra lively of their resistance to democracy. via precise case reports of every process, this booklet makes major contributions to our understandings of Russian family and overseas rules, democratization concept, and the coverage demanding situations linked to democracy merchandising.
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Extra resources for Authoritarian Backlash: Russian Resistance to Democratization in the Former Soviet Union
Therefore, identifying an active role for authoritarian regimes is necessary to fully understand how these states seek to create domestic and international environments conducive to their long–term survival. Consequently, far more attention has been placed on identifying the conditions under which international democratic forces can overcome the internal impediments represented by authoritarian regimes, rather than on understanding how autocrats resist democracy promotion. In this sense, the traditional focus has been on the positive progression of democracy at the international level.
Moreover, if a state reverts back to authoritarianism, then its nongovernmental organizations will be less free to function and will have their legitimacy undermined by their failure to sustain democracy at home; this will hamper their ability to export democratic ideas elsewhere. 12 12 ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������� Studies of how states have subverted democratically elected governments are rare. One of the few exceptions is Forsythe 1992. , 2002).
Authoritarian regimes are deeply concerned with the political systems of their neighbors: a successful democratic transition within close proximity represents an ever-present symbolic threat of the possibility of regime change. However, if a democracy fails or is seen as worse than the regime it replaced, this will undermine the value of democratization for pro-democracy forces and serve as a negative example of regime change. While many democratic transitions are accompanied by a strategic realignment, a democratic reversal would make it more difficult for these states to align themselves with democratic powers and would likely preclude them from being admitted to certain international organizations, such as the EU or NATO.