By Thomas Hibbs
In Aquinas, Ethics, and Philosophy of faith, Thomas Hibbs recovers the suggestion of perform to improve a extra descriptive account of human motion and understanding, grounded within the venerable vocabulary of advantage and vice. Drawing on Aquinas, who believed that every one stable works originate from advantage, Hibbs postulates how epistemology, ethics, metaphysics, and theology mix right into a set of latest philosophical practices that stay open to metaphysics. Hibbs brings Aquinas into dialog with analytic and Continental philosophy and indicates how a extra nuanced appreciation of his notion enriches modern debates. This ebook bargains readers a brand new appreciation of Aquinas and articulates a metaphysics integrally regarding moral practice.
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Extra resources for Aquinas, Ethics, and Philosophy of Religion: Metaphysics and Practice (Indiana Series in the Philosophy of Religion)
If in one sense, we can speak of an activity of subsuming singulars under universals, say in the case of identifying this act as an act of murder, in another sense we can speak of the decisive activity of prudence as it is described in contemporary virtue ethics, that is, as a capacity of discernment, appraisal, and judgment of singulars in relation to proximate and more common precepts. For Aquinas, the inherent deﬁciencies in any deductive model of morality underscore the indispensable role for prudence even for natural law.
Sometimes this objection takes aim at the eudaimonism of traditional virtue theory, a tradition that assumes the fundamental drive of human life is happiness and that the task of ethical theory is to determine which set of activities or character traits are 29 Aquinas, Ethics, and Philosophy of Religion constitutive of human happiness.
14 Second, even given such a classiﬁcation scheme, the decision procedure is notoriously indeterminate in the results it yields. Consider, for example, the interminable debates over whether Kantian universalization does or does not rule out suicide, lying, or theft. In the case of utilitarianism, critics are fond of arguing that the maximization of happiness can be used to justify patently heinous acts like the murder or torture of the innocent. Of course, utilitarians offer clever rebuttals, arguing that the calculus need not result in the justiﬁcation of such acts.