By James S Olson
When you consider that Deng Xiaoping's financial reforms started within the early Nineteen Eighties, the People's Republic of China has rejoined worldwide politics as a global energy. the rustic is probably going to turn into extra open and its inner politics will doubtless have an effect on the remainder of the realm. With greater than 1.2 billion humans divided into hundreds of thousands of ethnic teams, all ruled by way of the Han humans, China's politics and its international coverage are sure to be plagued by ethnicity and ethnic competition. This booklet is designed to provide librarians, scholars, students, and proficient readers a prepared reference of history info for studying ethnic occasions in China.
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Extra info for An Ethnohistorical Dictionary of China
BENDIREN. See GELAO and MULAM. BENGLONG. See DE’ANG. BENLONG. See DE’ANG. BENREN. The Benrens are considered by many ethnologists in the People’s Republic of China (PRC) to be a subgroup of the Wa,* an officially recognized minority nationality. Most Wa people live in the southwestern reaches of Yunnan Province, chiefly in Ximeng, Cangyuan, Menglian, Gengma, Lancang, Shuangjiang, Yongde, and Zhenkang counties, but primarily in Ximeng and Cangyuan counties. Most Benrens are farmers, but their techniques vary from village to village; some use traditional slash-and-burn methods and others employ more modern sophisticated techniques.
The Benren dialect is not mutually intelligible with most of the other Wa dialects. Because of that reality, most Benrens view themselves more as Benren than as Wa. The process of ethnogenesis, by which they will see themselves primarily as Wa people, is not yet complete. BENTEN. See WA. BER DESER. See BAI. BER WA DSER. See BAI. BHAKTAPUR. The Bhaktapurs form one of the primary linguistic subgroups of the Newar* people of Nepal. BHOTE. See BHUTANESE. BHOTIA. The term ‘‘Bhotia’’ is used as a generic reference to people of Mongol* extraction who live today in the Himalayan region stretching from Himachal Pradesh State to Arunachal Pradesh State in India and including Bhutan.
The term ‘‘Beijingese’’ is used here to refer to the residents of the city of Beijing, the capital city of the People’s Republic of China (PRC). Beijing is located in northeastern China, within Hebei Province, 250 kilometers northwest of the Yellow Sea coastline. Ever since the Manchu* conquest in the mid-seventeenth century, China has been ruled from the north, and over the centuries, the city of Beijing has acquired an identity as the political center of the country. Nearly six million people live today in Beijing, and the vast majority of them are of Han* descent.